What is Biodynamic Psychology?

Extract From "The Biodynamic Theory of Neurosis"

"Through my research and clinical experience I quite unintentionally related the visceral armour to the alimentary canal and came to look upon it as the conductor of instinctual and emotional energies as well as the dissolving mechanism for regulation and discharge of nervous tension.

Considering that the alimentary canal belongs to the most primitive embryological layer, it did not seem too far-fetched to consider the instinctual, primitive energies and impulses being transmitted through this canal. I must confess that I was very reluctant at first to take this theoretical consideration into account.

But as my clinical experience with patients, as well as my own therapeutic process consistently pointed to the vital reactions of the alimentary canal, I began to look at psychodynamics more from a biological point of view and from the angle of evolution."

by Gerda Boyesen

Extract From The Three Hollows

The concept of the three hollows helps us to understand and work more efficiently a) with unconscious emotional and repressed energy, and b) towards a cerebral integration and a cleaning out of any particular emotional trauma. With the concept of the three hollows I refer to the three big and main hollows in the organism: the ventral hollow, the chest hollow, and the head hollow. All three of them contain organs, nerves, and blood vessels.

In my view, emotional energy is basically stored in the pelvic bone; where it lies, neutralised and static. When it is activated it starts to move upwards, towards the head, the mouth and the brain. This emotional energy becomes dynamic as soon as it enters what I call the first hollow (ventral).

When these tissues are activated, the general vegetative responses related to the repressed affects are also activated. At this stage the patient only feels a tension, and perhaps some pain, in the ventral hollow; but he usually has no idea of the content that is buried behind this tension. In other words emotions are for the moment aroused in so raw a form they cannot yet be integrated.

When the emotion enters the chest hollow, the patient feels the emotional quality of what is building itself up in him: whether it is fear, rage, depression, etc. At this stage, you immediately notice that the patient’s face and breathing change, clearly becoming very emotional.

Freud used to say that anxiety is the form emotions take when repressed in the unconscious. This feeling is often felt in the chest, associated to modifications of breathing or heart behaviour, as in anxiety neuroses. Patients usually find it difficult to deal with such affective manifestations and are victims of their own fears, emotions and strong vegetative reactions.

Medication can help one to master these feelings; but in biodynamic therapy one will mostly try to help the feelings to reach the head hollow, so that they can be actively expressed and integrated through conscious procedures. Thus affects that have been repressed for more than thirty years can at last follow the paths they were always meant to take.

Several difficulties must be taken into account when dealing with the last stage that leads emotions towards their fulfilment. Between the chest and the head emotions must pass through a narrow door: the neck. The whole process that leads emotions towards their fulfilment can get stuck there. I like to compare the body in this dynamic moment to a champagne bottle where the throat is the champagne bottleneck. The therapist must sometimes not only help the cork to come out of the bottle, but also consider various ways this might happen. Integrating an emotional event in one’s conscious thinking and expressed behaviour is an important area.

by Gerda Boyesen

Biodynamic psychology is the branch of psychology developed by Clinical Psychologist Gerda Boyesen (1922-2005). Her unique insight (which she called the 'great secret' of vegetative release) is that we can dissolve the impact of stress and nervousness, and resolve any emotional conflicts that may be related, often without psychotherapy or analysis.

After some years she found that this healing mechanism resided in the gut or gastro-intestinal tract. She discovered that the gut has an additional function, not only to digest food, but also stress, life experiences, emotional and psychological events.

Gerda Boyesen named this function "psycho-peristalsis". This term was chosen to indicate the psychodynamic aspects of the peristaltic wave and to acknowledge the neurological, psychological and emotional components of the digestive process.

A wide range of biodynamic methods have been developed over 50 years, all of which are designed to optimise the function of psycho-peristalsis and restore the spontaneous flow of life energy between the mind and body. (bio means life, dynamic means movement).

As life-energy is liberated within a person it can bring "streamings" and a feeling of connectedness and well-being whilst simultaneously relieving pain and symptoms. This experience brings tonus and vitality for life - leading to a feeling of being able to move forward with renewed confidence and strength.

Where conflicts remain unresolved, biodynamic psychotherapy can help to clarify and work through all unconscious material.

Repressions are held in place by tension in the muscles ('armouring') and this in turn leads to inhibition of the diaphragm and respiratory function, causing shallow breathing. The biodynamic psychotherapist incorporates a range of methods including biodynamic massage and bodywork, vegetotherapy, 'deep-draining' and work with the bio-field in order to systematically unravel muscle tension and restore full breath.

This comprehensive and holistic approach loosens repressed material safely. We assist the client to complete emotional cycles and to resolve, once and for all, any remaining inner conflicts.



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Gerda Boyesen - Clinical Psychologist Founder of Biodynamic Psychology(1922-2005)

Gerda Boyesen - Clinical Psychologist Founder of Biodynamic Psychology(1922-2005)

Illustrations arising from Gerda Boyesen teaching GBII Students

Illustrations arising from Gerda Boyesen teaching GBII Students "The Three Hollows" in London, Spring 2003


"My biodynamic training was a profoundly loving and spiritual journey for me. It has brought so many positive changes to my life that I thought impossible. Because of these changes I feel well prepared as I practice my biodynamic work. I was helped to break down the walls that I had built around myself as protection and realised that the walls kept the world out there and I was trapped inside. I learned to embrace the aspects of me that I had been resisting, moved forward and no longer allowed my past to control me. I gradually changed the way I cope with things, the way I view the world and how I see the world viewing me. I have a greater sense of self and more confidence. I began to learn what it meant to be in my body and that helped me in my life. I developed a trust of my body feelings so I did what was right for me, in particular with regard to my health. I changed the way I communicated to a more positive way, with friends, colleagues, and I will be forever grateful for the way it deeply affected my relationship with my beautiful daughter. I am able to express love and allow in the love that is offered to me. I found my own beauty and love and I enjoy the pleasure of being able to reach out and connect to others."

KL. Graduate and Client

"The biodynamic view of my migraine (for the past 30 years) as "blocked energy" is so true. I now know that I have been blocking myself under the false illusion that my armouring was protecting me from feeling hurt, vulnerable. Because of my therapy I can now accept all of me, my humanness, my sadness, my gladness, my anger, my love, my fear."

NP. Client

"My training enabled me to know my vulnerability and strength and to embrace both for my life. That I have needs, was a revelation to me, that I can have my needs met was a liberation. I CAN have all my needs met before I die, the very idea blew my mind and enabled a liberation in my cells, the sheer joy of living and dying in peace, no longer tormented or driven by unfulfilled needs, the world needs to know this, to know this simple healing principle."

RM GBII Licensed Biodynamic Practitioner